There is no authentic record of the date of his birth; however, the registry of his baptism, in a Catholic service at the Parish of St. He later had other local teachers:
The family was Flemish in origin and can be traced back to Malines. His son Johann was also a singer in the electoral choir; thus, like most 18th-century musicians, Beethoven was born into the profession. Though at first quite prosperous, the Beethoven family became steadily poorer with the death of his grandfather in and the decline of his father into alcoholism.
By age 11 Beethoven had to leave school; at 18 he was the breadwinner of the family. It was not until his adolescence that Beethoven began to attract mild attention.
When in Joseph II became sole ruler of the Holy Roman Empirehe appointed his brother Maximilian Francis as adjutant and successor-designate to the archbishop-elector of Cologne. A liberal Roman Catholic, he endowed Bonn with a university, limited the power of his own clergy, and opened the city to the full tide of the German literary renaissance associated with Gotthold Ephraim LessingFriedrich Gottlieb Klopstockand the young Goethe and Schiller.
Although somewhat limited as a musician, Neefe was nonetheless a man of high ideals and wide culturea man of letters as well as a composer of songs and light theatrical pieces; and it was to be through Neefe that Beethoven in would have his first extant composition Nine Variations on a March by Dressler published at Mannheim.
In he was also appointed continuo player to the Bonn opera. By he had made such progress that Maximilian Francis, archbishop-elector sincewas persuaded to send him to Vienna to study with Mozart. For the next five years, Beethoven remained at Bonn. To his other court duties was added that of playing viola in the theatre orchestra; and, although the archbishop for the time being showed him no further mark of special favour, he was beginning to make valuable acquaintances.
Sometime previously he had come to know the widow of the chancellor, Joseph von Breuning, and she engaged him as music teacher to two of her four children. Through Mme von Breuning, Beethoven acquired a number of wealthy pupils.
His most useful social contact came in with the arrival in Bonn of Ferdinand, Graf count von Waldstein, a member of the highest Viennese aristocracy and a music lover. Waldstein became a member of the Breuning circle, where he heard Beethoven play and at once became his devoted admirer.
At a fancy dress ball given inthe ballet music, according to the Almanach de Gotha a journal chronicling the social activities of the aristocracyhad been composed by the count, but it was generally known that Beethoven had written it for him.
The same year saw the death of the emperor Joseph II. Through Waldstein again, Beethoven was invited to compose a funeral ode for soloists, chorus, and orchestra, but the scheduled performance was canceled because the wind players found certain passages too difficult.
There is no record that either was ever performed until the end of the 19th century, when the manuscripts were rediscovered in Vienna and pronounced authentic by Johannes Brahms.
But in another great composer had seen and admired them: The album that he took with him preserved in the Beethoven-Haus in Bonn indicates the wide circle of his acquaintances and friends in Bonn. The spirit of Mozart is mourning and weeping over the death of her beloved.
With the inexhaustible Haydn she found repose but no occupation. Waldstein The compositions belonging to the years at Bonn—excluding those probably begun at Bonn but revised and completed in Vienna—are of more interest to the Beethoven student than to the ordinary music lover.
They show the influences in which his art was rooted as well as the natural difficulties that he had to overcome and that his early training was inadequate to remedy.
Three piano sonatas written in demonstrate that, musically, Bonn was an outpost of Mannheim, the cradle of the modern orchestra in Germanyand the nursery of a musical style that was to make a vital contribution to the classical symphony.
Ludwig van Beethoven, (baptized December 17, , Bonn, archbishopric of Cologne [Germany]—died March 26, , Vienna, Austria), German composer, the predominant musical figure in the transitional period between the Classical and Romantic eras. Essay: The Life of Ludwig Van Beethoven The rise of Ludwig van Beethoven into the ranks of history’s greatest composers was parallelled by and in some ways a consequence of his own personal tragedy and despair. The Life of Ludwig van Beethoven and millions of other books are available for Amazon Kindle. Learn more Enter your mobile number or email address below Reviews:
The once famous orchestra was, in effect, dissolved after the war of between Austria and Prussia.Ludwig van Beethoven, (baptized December 17, , Bonn, archbishopric of Cologne [Germany]—died March 26, , Vienna, Austria), German composer, the predominant musical figure in the transitional period between the Classical and Romantic eras.
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