Held in high regard and traditionally focusing on the tragedies and successes of Gods, deities, monarchs, figures from antiquity and, at the beginning of the eighteenth century, always performed in Italian, Opera was the most elitist form of drama. A hidden celebrity of Eighteenth Century Drama is George Frederick Handel born in Saxony inthe composer spent his early life in Europe prior to moving to London in and moving into Brooke Street, London in — which would become the home of Jimi Hendrix in the late s. Over the course of his career Handel would begin to change attitudes towards, and the style of, Opera; while he did compose many archetypal Operas he began to develop the Oratorio style. The Oratorio is less strict in form than Opera as Handel lacked classical training in writing and composing for chorus and so began favouring choruses in English rather than Italian.
These roles gave women fewer career choices, loveless marriages with few rights and many, many domestic duties Hawthorne et al. Many women writers, who lived during the 18th century, wrote about the experiences that women were faced with during that time.
Chief among those voices was Aphra Behn, who attempted to come to grips with the role of women during this period in society.
This paper will present the roles women were forced to carry out during the 19th century. This novel will be used like a reference to depict how Aphra Behn used her artistic and literary skills to express her feelings about the gender roles of women during the 18th century.
Introduction Aphra Behn, a controversial and female author, is one of the notable literary critics throughout the centuries Canfield et al, The literary plays she documented during the period of restoration were very popular on the stage.
Similarly, her poetry and fiction were successful. However, her major writing focus was on gender roles. The rover provides an oral criticism of the expectations of the society, denounces ideas of forced marriages and lastly the accompanying authority of the parents.
Link observed that men are promiscuous and gay; there is the loyal Belvile, Wilmore, the rover, blunt and the negative Fredrick, the low comedian squire of the country.
Belvile met and rescued the Florinda from being attacked by Naples previously, and eventually fell in love with her. Forinda, on the other hand, is destined for a pre arranged marriage. However, Hellena is destined for a convent.
The escape of the sisters to the carnival is where they meet the cavaliers.
Furthermore, Florinda loves Belivele and Hellena and Wilmore fall in love. However, Angelina Bance, the gorgeous courtesan complicates things.
She is also in love with Wilmore although she has Pedro, the brother to Hellena and Florinda and Antonio, one of the potential future husbands of Florinda fighting to get her attention.
The plot of the play has complicated series masking, intrigues, and overall character confusion. There is love, rape, sex, anger, betrayal, jealousy, despair and joy. The play finally ends with marriages of Wilmore and Hellena and Belvile and Wilmore.
According to Markley 68the main conflict in the play of the rover originates from the arranged marriage idea. This is attributed to the own experience of Behn and her marriage which was arranged and unhappy.
Despite the fact that Behn was successful in the contemporary literature realm, her life clearly shows struggles which the women of the restoration faced in forging their identities in a large society dominated by the control of patriarchs.
Even as Aphra Behn created new grounds for women by writing and publishing her literary plays in the public stage, the society she went against and raged bound her both by social ideals and financial dependence Canfield and Sneidern, Moreover, Behn, like other women in the restoration period applied tools such as improvisation, wit, madness, disguise and sexuality as ways in their endeavor to strive for theatre equality.Roles for Women on the Eighteenth-Century Stage the chair of the English department at the time, and Francesco Ceasareo, the dean of the college at the time, for supporting “The Public’s Open to Us All”: Essays on Women and Performance in Eighteenth-Century .
In the popular imagination, informed as it is by Hogarth, Swift, Defoe and Fielding, the eighteenth-century underworld is a place of bawdy knockabout, rife with colourful eccentrics.
Parlor and Concert Stage.
Music performance in the United States takes place both at home and on the concert stage. Music written for each of these venues has been of equal importance to the development of American music.
April London’s Women and Property in the Eighteenth-Century English Novel (Cambridge Univ. Press, ).
Ideas, Aesthetics, and Inquiries in the Early Modern Era n.d. The English Gothic drama, like the Gothic novel, was characterized by a reliance on supernatural elements and dramatic spectacles of suffering.