April 7, in Best OfBook ReviewsOn Writing by pacejmiller There are plenty of books on writing out there, mostly by writers you have never heard of and probably never will.
Take three deep breaths. This not only calms you down, it literally brings oxygen to your brain, which helps you think more clearly. Get the big picture. Spend one minute and flip through the entire exam to get the big picture.
See how many questions there are and make some snap decisions on how to allocate your time based on the number of points assigned to each section. You should also note the nature of the essay questions.
For a Torts exam consisting of three questions, for instance, you know the teacher is likely to ask one question about each of the major areas - intentional torts, negligence and product liability. Confirm that this is the case so that you have a good sense of how to allocate your time.
One of the big mistakes students make is to thoroughly answer the first three questions and leave only a scant answer on the fourth essay.
Getting an overview and allocating your time allows you to pinpoint when you have to move onto the next issue. You should even allocate time within each essay question so you know how much time you have to spend on each major issue. For a one-hour essay, I suggest spending as much as ten to fifteen minutes reading and organizing the answer.
Just split the time evenly among the issues. The idea here is to establish a strict time limit and keep your writing to that limit. Once, the time expires, move onto the next essay.
Read the first question twice. On the first pass, make notes in the margins of the big issues. Pay attention to the call of the question. What is the professor asking you to answer? Many students have programmed themselves to write a completely thorough answer the minute they spot an issue.
However, sometimes the professor may provide enough facts to do a complete analysis but really only want you to answer a specific question about the case. Be sure to note that one of the things professors like to test is whether you can follow directions.
The Critical Step of Outlining an Answer Most students start writing as soon as they read the question.
It pays to think before writing. Outlining helps you spot the issues. Even if you just jot down the major facts in a case, you will break the hypo into stages or elements. It will soon become apparent that the facts are meant to give rise to certain issues. How you outline an answer differs with each course.
In a Contracts exam, you usually write about events chronologically. Timing about what was said when is usually an important factor in Contracts, thus the best way to analyze is chronologically.
In contracts, Torts exam are usually organized according to parties. In Torts, the big question is who is liable for what harm?
Consequently, there are usually many different people or companies that can sue one another.
You can make the best sense of a Torts question by outlining according to the party. Another important step during outlining is to adopt a position. Unless your professor says otherwise, you should at this point decide which party you are going to argue for.
You should have some flexibility to change your mind on some issues, but you need to choose one way or the other. One common trap for first year law students is to always want to prove the rule or legal theory to be true.
Remember that you can find for either side. You need to adopt a point of view that you feel is strongest. Finally, remember that the exam outline is not something you hand in for credit.
Rather, develop shorthand for the principle issues in the case law. For instance, in Contracts, you might use O A C for the issues of Offer, Acceptance and Consideration, which are the principal building blocks of a valid contract.
Issue Spotting Professors usually pack more issues into an exam than anyone can reasonably answer within the time allotted. Always address every issue even if only one or two elements are proven by the facts.The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world and the Purdue University Writing Lab helps writers on Purdue's campus.
The limitations of the study are those characteristics of design or methodology that impacted or influenced the interpretation of the findings from your research. They are the constraints on generalizability, applications to practice, and/or utility of findings that are the result of the ways in.
What's Being Tested? In most law schools, the exam counts for the entire grade in a course. Your class participation might count only if it is extraordinary.
Writing series 5. Rough drafts: A rough draft is "a late stage in the writing process". 1 It assumes that you have adequate information and understanding, are near or at the end of gathering research, and have completed an exercise in prewriting.
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Free lesson plans covering many subjects for middle school students.