Each of the three major religions have set beliefs that help to explain the reason why humans exist and helps guide their relationships and behaviors among each other. Although these religions share the same origins, there are differences amongst them. They are considered to be Abraham religions, because they trace their history to the covenant that God made with Abraham in the Hebrew Bible. These three religions believe that God is the creator of all that exists, and he cares about all creations and desires the well-being of all All-Karmic,
Collectively, these are known as the Tanakh. Rabbinic tradition asserts that God revealed two Torahs to Moses, one that was written down, and one that was transmitted orally. Whereas the written Torah has a fixed form, the Oral Torah is a living tradition that includes not only specific supplements to the written Torah for instance, what is the proper manner of shechita and what is meant by "Frontlets" in the Shemabut also procedures for understanding and talking about the written Torah thus, the Oral Torah revealed at Sinai includes debates among rabbis who lived long after Moses.
The Oral Law elaborations of narratives in the Bible and stories about the rabbis are referred to as aggadah.
It also includes elaboration of the commandments in the form of laws referred to as halakha. The Talmuds are notable for the way they combine law and lore, for their explication of the midrashic method of interpreting tests, and for Islam christianity judaism and cultural diversity accounts of debates among rabbis, which preserve divergent and conflicting interpretations of the Bible and legal rulings.
Since the transcription of the Talmud, notable rabbis have compiled law codes that are generally held in high regard: The latter, which was based on earlier codes and supplemented by the commentary by Moshe Isserles that notes other practices and customs practiced by Jews in different communities, especially among Ashkenazim, is generally held to be authoritative by Orthodox Jews.
The Zoharwhich was written in the 13th century, is generally held as the most important esoteric treatise of the Jews. All contemporary Jewish movements consider the Tanakh, and the Oral Torah in the form of the Mishnah and Talmuds as sacred, although movements are divided as to claims concerning their divine revelation, and also their authority.
For Jews, the Torah—written and oral—is the primary guide to the relationship between God and man, a living document that has unfolded and will continue to unfold whole new insights over the generations and millennia.
Two notable examples are: Christians reject the Jewish Oral Torah, which was still in oral, and therefore unwritten, form in the time of Jesus.
Others, especially Protestantsreject the authority of such traditions and instead hold to the principle of sola scripturawhich accepts only the Bible itself as the final rule of faith and practice.
Anglicans do not believe in sola scriptura. For them scripture is the longest leg of a 3-legged stool: Additionally, some denominations include the "oral teachings of Jesus to the Apostles", which they believe have been handed down to this day by apostolic succession.
Christians refer to the biblical books about Jesus as the New Testament, and to the canon of Hebrew books as the Old Testament.
Judaism does not accept the retronymic labeling of its sacred texts as the "Old Testament", and some Jews refer to the New Testament as the Christian Testament or Christian Bible.
Judaism rejects all claims that the Christian New Covenant supersedesabrogatesfulfills, or is the unfolding or consummation of the covenant expressed in the Written and Oral Torahs.
Therefore, just as Christianity does not accept that Mosaic law has any authority over Christians, Judaism does not accept that the New Testament has any religious authority over Jews. AntinomianismBiblical law in Christianityand Christian anarchism Many Jews view Christians as having quite an ambivalent view of the Torah, or Mosaic law: Some Jews contend that Christians cite commandments from the Old Testament to support one point of view but then ignore other commandments of a similar class and of equal weight.
Examples of this are certain commandments that God states explicitly be a "lasting covenant" NIV Exod Some translate the Hebrew as a "perpetual covenant" Exod Likewise, some Christians contend that Jews cite some commandments from the Torah to support one view, but then ignore other commandments of a similar class and of equal weight.
Christians explain that such selectivity is based on rulings made by early Jewish Christians in the Book of Actsat the Council of Jerusalemthat, while believing gentiles did not need to fully convert to Judaism, they should follow some aspects of Torah like avoiding idolatry and fornication and blood including, according to some interpretations, homosexuality.
Concepts of God[ edit ] Main articles: Judaism and major sects of Christianity reject the view that God is entirely immanent although some see this as the concept of the Holy Ghost and within the world as a physical presence, although trinitarian Christians believe in the incarnation of God.
Both religions reject the view that God is entirely transcendentand thus separate from the world, as the pre-Christian Greek Unknown God. Both religions reject atheism on one hand and polytheism on the other. Both religions agree that God shares both transcendent and immanent qualities.
How these religions resolve this issue is where the religions differ. Christianity posits that God exists as a Trinity ; in this view God exists as three distinct persons who share a single divine essenceor substance.
In those three there is one, and in that one there are three; the one God is indivisible, while the three persons are distinct and unconfused, God the FatherGod the Sonand God the Holy Spirit.
It teaches that God became especially immanent in physical form through the Incarnation of God the Son who was born as Jesus of Nazarethwho is believed to be at once fully God and fully human.
There are denominations self-describing as Christian who question one or more of these doctrines, however, see Nontrinitarianism. This theology is referred to in Hebrew as Shituf literally "partnership" or "association".
Although worship of a trinity is considered to be not different from any other form of idolatry for Jews, it may be an acceptable belief for non-Jews according to the ruling of some Rabbinic authorities.Christ and Cultures: Multiculturalism and the Gospel of Christ submit to Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior and to embrace the faith and values of Christianity in a society zealous for cultural diversity?
The continued growth if Islam and its unceasingly militaristic approach to expansion and control makes Islam, not Christianity, the. Other Faiths. Meeting people from different Religions and Beliefs including Hinduism, Islam, the Bahá'í Faith, Buddhism, Christianity, Judaism, Sikhism and Diversity - The Diversiton Series) - Kindle edition by Des McCabe.
Religion & Spirituality Kindle eBooks @ kaja-net.com(2). Islam, Christianity, Judaism and Cultural Diversity Religion has always been and will be one of the major influences that shape our world. The three major Western religions of the world are Christianity, Islam and Judaism.
Conquests of Islam: The Lost Chapter The Islam religion was developed in the Middle East in the 7th century C.E. It was started by the Prophet Muhammad and is based on his teachings.
This monotheistic religion infiltrated the world rapidly growing to be the second largest religion after Christianity (Comparison of Islam, Judaism and Christianity, ). Despite these similarities, there are major basic differences between Islam, Judaism, and Christianity.
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The Islam Controversy ; Islam Religion and Cultural Diversity ; A God Divided: Understanding the Differences. Contrasting Islam from Christianity and Judaism. The teaching of the Islam indicated above compare or contrast with some in Judaism and Christianity. Some of the contrasts include the oneness of God that is inconsistent with Judaism and Christianity that also advocate for monotheism and believe in trinity: God the Father, Son and Holy Spirit.