Research, Theory, Policy, and Practice Caslon, Wayne Wright offers an introduction to No Child Left Behind legislation for English language learners, including information on accountability, assessments, English language proficiency standards, and implications for ELL identification and instruction. Bush's plan for the reauthorization of the ESEA.
It affects what students are taught, the tests they take, the training of their teachers and the way money is spent on education. Debate rages over whether the law is an effective way to improve academic achievement.
Congress was scheduled to decide whether to renew it in But efforts stalled amid criticism of the law from both Democrats and Republicans, and arguments over how to change it. The latest estimates, according to U. In the meantime, in Octoberthe U. Advertisement As stricter testing requirements and penalties have taken effect, several states have rebelled, challenging the law in legislatures and the courts.
In response, the U.
For parents trying to figure out how NCLB affects their children, it No child left behind and english be tough to keep up with the fast-moving developments. NCLB, your child and your school The law may help your child in two ways: Your child may be eligible to move to a better school or could receive free tutoring.
Your school could qualify for grants to use toward attracting top-notch teachers or other school programs. Education officials have said from the start that the key to enforcement would be parents who pressure schools to give their children the options provided by the federal law.
The law, which was passed with bipartisan support, was designed to introduce national standards to a system in which students in some demographic groups were more likely to succeed and others likely to be left behind.
But it allows states to determine how success is measured. States are required to set targets for overall achievement and for specific categories of students, such as English language learners or economically disadvantaged students.
A school can fail — even if it is making substantial progress for most of its students — if one category of students cannot meet the standards. The goal is for every student in public school to be proficient in reading and math by Students must be tested annually in reading and math in grades 3 through 8 and at least once in grades 10 through Students must be tested in science in at least one grade in elementary, middle and high school.
The law applies to schools that receive Title I money from the federal government. More than half of all public schools are Title I schools. Research, including a study of three states by the think tank Education Trust, shows that students in schools with a large percentage of minority and low-income students are more likely to be taught by teachers who are inexperienced and lack a major or minor in the subjects they teach.
The teacher qualification provisions of NCLB are aimed at insuring that schools where students tend to need the most help employ teachers who are qualified to provide it. States have struggled to meet this goal.
The law covers other teaching staff, too. Although this program has shown initial signs of effectiveness in helping to boost reading instruction, it came under scrutiny in September when a scathing report PDF by the Office of Inspector General of the U.
Department of Education revealed that several members of the panel who award Reading First grants may have had conflicts of interest because they had ties to publishing companies which promoted specific reading materials with a specifc philosophy.
However, NLCB requires that priority in providing school choice be given to low-achieving children from low-income families. School districts may not use lack of space as a reason to deny a transfer, but they have some flexibility in meeting this requirement. School districts may restrict which schools are available for transfer and when transfers may occur.
They may sign contracts with neighboring districts to accept students from failing schools, contract with online schools, create schools within schools, offer supplemental services a year early, hire more teachers, add portables or build new classrooms at more successful schools.
If a school continues to fail to meet AYP, these sanctions take effect: Those services can include tutoring, remedial classes, after-school services and summer school programs. The federal government has allowed some districts to switch the order of sanctions.
Students would be eligible for free tutoring if these schools fail to meet their goals for two years in a row and would then get the option to transfer if the school misses its goals a third time.
After four consecutive years of failing to meet annual goals, the district must take action to improve the school, such as replacing certain staff or implementing a new curriculum.
After five years, the school is identified for restructuring and arrangements must be made to run it differently. These can include a state takeover, the hiring of a private management contractor, conversion to a charter school or significant staff restructuring.No Child Left Behind (NCLB) is also referred to as The Elementary and Secondary Education Act.
The following timeline offers an overview of NCLB's evolution.
ESEA: The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) was enacted in under President Lyndon Johnson. There are major issues involved with the disaggregated No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act in terms of its adequate yearly progress reporting for students with limited English proficiency (LEP).
The previous version of the law, the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, was enacted in NCLB represented a significant step forward for our nation’s children in many respects, particularly as it shined a light on where students were making progress and where they needed additional support, regardless of race, income, zip code, disability.
No Child Left Behind Federal policy for language-minority students learning English changed dramatically with the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act of (NCLB) (Public Law ), President George W.
Bush's plan for the reauthorization of the ESEA. No Child Left Behind Act. The No Child Left Behind Act authorizes several federal education programs that are administered by the states. The law is a reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act..
Under the law, states are required to test students in reading and math in grades 3–8 and once in high school. On January 8, , President Bush signed into law the No Child Left Behind Act of , reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.
This is the text of the legislation.