Abstract Recent reports have suggested that the use of alcohol or drugs is related to sexual behavior that is high-risk for HIV infection. If substance use leads to unsafe sexual activity, understanding the dynamics of this relationship can contribute to research, preventive and education efforts to contain the spread of AIDS. In this paper, we review research on the relationship between substance use and high-risk sexual behavior.
Drugs, Brains, and Behavior: Addiction is defined as a chronic, relapsing disorder characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use despite adverse consequences. Both disrupt the normal, healthy functioning of an organ in the body, both have serious harmful effects, and both are, in many cases, preventable and treatable.
If left untreated, they can last a lifetime and may lead to death. Facing Addiction in America: Modified with permission from Volkow et al.
These fMRI images compare the brain of an individual with a history of cocaine use disorder middle and right to the brain of an individual without a history of cocaine use left. The person who has had a cocaine use disorder has lower levels of the D2 dopamine receptor depicted in red in the striatum one month middle and four months right after stopping cocaine use compared to the non-user.
The level of dopamine receptors in the brain of the cocaine user are higher at the 4-month mark rightbut have not returned to the levels observed in the non-user left. Why do people take drugs? In general, people take drugs for a few reasons: Drugs can produce intense feelings of pleasure.
This initial euphoria is followed by other effects, which differ with the type of drug used. For example, with stimulants such as cocaine, the high is followed by feelings of power, self-confidence, and increased energy. In contrast, the euphoria caused by opioids such as heroin is followed by feelings of relaxation and satisfaction.
Some people who suffer from social anxiety, stress, and depression start using drugs to try to feel less anxious. Stress can play a major role in starting and continuing drug use as well as relapse return to drug use in patients recovering from addiction.
Some people feel pressure to improve their focus in school or at work or their abilities in sports. This can play a role in trying or continuing to use drugs, such as prescription stimulants or cocaine. Curiosity and social pressure. In this respect, teens are particularly at risk because peer pressure can be very strong.
Teens are more likely than adults to act in risky or daring ways to impress their friends and show their independence from parents and social rules. If taking drugs makes people feel good or better, what's the problem?Essay on Drug and Alcohol Addiction.
Running Head: DRUG & ALCOHOL ADDICTION Drug & Alcohol Addiction Even though drug and alcohol addiction is the repeated and excessive use of drugs and alcohol to achieve a certain effect, which involves two components: physical and psychological dependency, they both can be treated.
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My Account; Help; Alcohol and other drug use can impede judgment and lead to harmful risk-taking behavior. Preventing drug abuse and excessive alcohol use . Effects of Drinking Alcohol Drinking alcohol is like taking a drug. It is a form of drug abuse, and drug addiction. This is a worldwide problem that many people are involved in.
The use of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs has negative impacts amongst the students who abuse this substances e.g. excessive alcohol consumption and the abuse of drugs are dangerous because alcohol and drug abuse can affect health and ability to function and think properly, almost every system in the body can be negatively affected by use .
Research for drug use and drug addiction has found similar results. Family history of alcoholism or drug addiction Whether a person decides to use alcohol or drugs is a choice, influenced by their environment--peers, family, and availability.
Adolescent drug use poses a significant risk factor for psychiatric disorders, suicide, accidents, pregnancy, truancy, school dropout, delinquency, and drug abuse and dependence during both adolescence and adulthood.